Culture and Tourism

4.1      Some Details on History of Weinan (Abstract)

Our Region shared immediately the longstanding history of the entire Empire at the nucleus of its cradle, today specified asShaanxi and ~Gansu Provinces, from  Dynasty (960-1127), for, then, more than 2,700 years.

This was - intermittently - a glorious period, as we may feel today, but it was also the most restive, yet by no means only a “harmonious”, period of our Region, during which, at times, the bloodiest wars and the rugged-most contentions were fought between our ancestors on the behest of their respective rulers.

And our clime was during this period, more often than not, either “march-through” territory or even the immediate area of the “war- theatre” for those contentions’ Hence, our Region was then at the receiving end of such “boons”. What was noted at those times and handed down to us, was invariably reported for Chang’an (Xi’an) or forLuoyang or forDatong or forKaifeng, the then intermittent Capitals and seats of the rulers.

Therefore, those of our viewers being eager to hear more “juicy” facts and figures about those 2,700 years, may, for the sake of this WS, appreciate that we have to refer them to the history books; or, for instance, in a more literary shape, to the trilogy of the “Three Kingdoms”, attributed to Luo Guanzhong.

However, some singular feats and events appear to be noteworthy, as they came from or happened on our territory:

The long history gave birth to plenty of splendid cultural feats being manifested, among others, in various traditional opera librettos including those ofShaanxi opera (Tongzhou Bangzi).

Folk arts in Shaanxi Region encompassed stone carving, wood carving, as well as food (crispy noodles).

There are also many historical personalities including Cang Jie (legendaryinventorofChinesecharacters), Du Kang (legendary inventor of Chinese liquor), the Historical Records of Si Ma-qian, Yang Jian (during the regency of Emperor Wen of, Sui Dynasty, 581-618 AD), Guo Ziyi (famous general in Tang Dynasty), Bai Juyi (great realistic poet), Kou Zhun (famous chancellor during Northern Song Dynasty 960-1127 AD).

Following these 2,700 years, our Region retreated from the immediate participation in  historic events of the country and life became, apart from some singular incidents, calmer and, predominantly, agriculture-reliant. This remained so until modern times, actually, the year 1979. The effects of such quiescence were, eventually, to shape both landscape, and the mind-set of our ancestors.